Bauhaus

Bauhaus was a well known privileged school that had risen and was founded in 1919 in Weimar,Germany. It was built by Walter Gropius who was an architect, the building itself was a completely new revolutionary in architecture during the time as it is very modern and a  reflection of the Bauhaus ideals and principles which was form follows function but with a beautiful simple design aesthetic and to this day could be considered a Modern building.bauhausgebaeude_0

The school was influenced by several past art movements such as De stijl, Constructivism, Art Nouveau, Dadaism etc which were combined into the Bauhaus’s design principles of combining fine art, architecture and sculpture into simple functional aesthetically beautiful objects, sculptures which was thought to suite the current century.

The movement was also about combining the new modern technology available to the designers and art to create these simple and beautiful objects.

There were also many teachers who were very well known and pioneers from past movements that had appeared periodically or some who were full time to teach there such as Moholo Nagy, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky etc. These teachers had obviously had a lasting influence from past movements that they had formed and been well known pioneers of bringing it over to the Art school itself therefore the influences seen in the artworks of the students and the teachers themselves.

Influences of Past Movements on Bauhaus

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This is a poster done for the Bauhaus. The poster itself features a lot of symmetrical and asymmetrical shapes such as the different shapes in the above poster featuring squares, circles, cubes, triangles, rectangles and horizontal and vertical lines. These elements are very much inspired from suprematism and constructivist elements with the architectural horizontal and vertical lines. There is also signs of influence from Art Nouveau from Charles Rennie Macintosh’s in the typography and also elements of Jugendstil because the type is very linear.

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This is another example of a Bauhaus poster which shows the symbollic and brand of the bauhaus with the typical man like logo.

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I chose this poster specifically because I mentioned it before because it typically features the De Stijl influences in the sense of the way the poster is structured with it’s typical vertical and horizontal lines and also the use of colours which are primary colours exactly like De Stijl with the use of blue and red. There is also the element of De Stijl’s grid principle in the poster.

There is also elements of Suprematism in the poster because there is geometric shapes present but they are used to create abstract objects.

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The typography used in the Bauhaus Weimar poster also has noticeable elements of Constructivism typography as seen in the example of the constructivist typography above.

Bauhaus’s Influence on Modern Graphic Design

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As you can see above this is a logo done for famous ear phones Beats by dr.dre. In this logo you can see that the typography used is similar compared to the typography that was used in the Bauhaus movement because it has rounded elements to the edging of the words. This is defiantly an influence of Bauhaus on modern design even till today its being used.

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Another example of Bauhaus’s influence on modern graphic design with this poster about cyber bullying. This is influenced by Bauhaus because it has the similar principles of simple functional design but having the elements of a grid in the layout of the design and also the use of black and red colours. This is being compared with the famous bauhaus poster down below.

Print

History of Art Deco. 2016. History of Art Deco. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.brynmawr.edu/cities/archx/05-600/proj/p2/npk/historydeco.htm. [Accessed 03 February 2016].

BAUHAUS MOVEMENT | Art and Technology – A new Unity. 2016. BAUHAUS MOVEMENT | Art and Technology – A new Unity. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.bauhaus-movement.com/en/. [Accessed 03 February 2016].

The Bauhaus : Design Is History. 2016. The Bauhaus : Design Is History. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.designishistory.com/1920/the-bauhaus/. [Accessed 03 February 2016].

Know your design history: The Bauhaus Movement – Designer Blog. 2016. Know your design history: The Bauhaus Movement – Designer Blog. [ONLINE] Available at: https://99designs.com/designer-blog/2013/08/15/know-your-design-history-the-bauhaus-movement/. [Accessed 03 February 2016].

The Bauhaus, 1919–1933 | Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2016. The Bauhaus, 1919–1933 | Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/bauh/hd_bauh.htm. [Accessed 03 February 2016].

Bauhaus: Ninety Years of Inspiration – Smashing Magazine. 2016. Bauhaus: Ninety Years of Inspiration – Smashing Magazine. [ONLINE] Available at:https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2009/08/bauhaus-ninety-years-of-inspiration/. [Accessed 03 February 2016].

Retro Futurism At Its Best: Designs and Tutorials – Smashing Magazine. 2016. Retro Futurism At Its Best: Designs and Tutorials – Smashing Magazine. [ONLINE] Available at:https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2009/06/retro-futurism-at-its-best-designs-and-tutorials/. [Accessed 03 February 2016].

 

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